Live Roulette Glossary

The wonderful world of live roulette provides a thrilling experience for everyone. If you’re new to the game, you should start by getting your head around the roulette terms and phrases that exist. By understanding these, you will be able to enjoy the game even more – this is exactly why we created this comprehensive live roulette glossary

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The A to Z of live roulette

By consulting expert roulette players, we put together this all-inclusive index of roulette terms and definitions. Whether you’re curious about the difference between game variations or want to brush up on the language used at the little wheel, peruse the selection of roulette terms below. This live roulette glossary is constantly being updated so make sure you check it every now and again. If you feel there are any terms missing, let us know! Take the next step towards live roulette mastery now!

a

American roulette

A roulette variant that features a double zero, 38 bet pockets and a slightly higher house edge than that of European roulette.

All-In

When a player wagers all their chips on one bet.

Action

The total sum of bets placed over a certain period, usually kept track for bonus compensation and loyalty programmes.

Action Player

A person who routinely wagers large sums of money.

Agent

A person who works with the croupier to cheat the casino.

Adrenotrend System

A progressive betting strategy where two numbers are cancelled each time an earlier wager is won, and one number (the total of two end numbers) is added when the earlier wager is lost.

American Wheel

A roulette wheel with a total of 38 numbered segments from 1 to 36 with two zeros – 0 and 00.

Announced Bets

Wagers made when a player calls out a bet and then immediately places the chips on the layout to cover that bet.

B

Bet On The Layout

A wager that is placed anywhere on the numbers area of the table.

Biased Numbers

Digits in the wheel which have statistically been proven to hit more than others based on long-term analysis. Also known as big numbers.

Biased Wheel

An imperfect or imbalanced roulette wheel that may skew to certain hot zones such that certain numbers are hit more often than they typically should.

Black bet

A wager that the next number will be black that pays 1:1.

Bottomtrack

The sloped, inner part of the roulette wheel which remains static as the wheel is spun.

Backtrack

The outer edge of the wheel where the ball is spun. Also called the ball-track.

Block Bet

A wager covering a block of numbers on the betting layout.

Block Betting

A set of numbers on a given section of the wheel wagered together in certain roulette strategies.

Roulette Bonus

Promotional funds given out by a casino to attract new players or keep existing ones loyal.

Bankroll

The total sum of money a player has to gamble with.

Black Action

When players bet with €100 black chips.

Black Chips

Chips with a €100 value.

C

Carré

A French roulette term used to refer to a corner bet.

Chameleon Strategy

A betting system where a player mimics the betting tactics of those who are doing well at the roulette table.

Check Rack

The tray where casino chips are kept.

Cheval

A French roulette term used to refer to a split bet

Colonne

A French roulette term used to refer to a column bet.

Column bet

A wager that covers almost one third of the wheel and is placed on one of the three available columns of 12 numbers. The bet pays 2:1.

Combination Bet

Any wager that includes one or more chips on two or more numbers.

Corner Bet

A single wager placed at the connecting corner of four numbers on the layout. If the ball lands on one of these numbers, the bet pays 8:1.

Croupier

A formal term for the casino employee who oversees activity at the roulette table. Not to be confused with the term dealer, that should only used in reference to card games.

Call bets

Wagers made by stating the bet to be placed out loud without placing any chips on the felt. These typically include bets such as Voisins Du Zero and sector bets.

Card roulette

A roulette variant that uses a standard pack of playing cards with two jokers.

Chip

Small, coin-shaped tokens used instead of real money when wagering at a casino.

Checks

Another name for casino chips.

Cold numbers

Digits that haven’t come up for at least thirty-seven spins.

Cold table

Any table where players are on a losing streak and the house is winning.

Comp

A free bonus or other freebies given out to players by the casino.

Cage

The area of the casino where players cash out their chips.

Cancellation Betting System

Another term for the Labouchère betting system.

Capping A Bet

A type of cheating where a player subtly places more chips on the winning number.

Casino Advantage

The edge the casino has over its players.

Casino Host

A casino employee caters to player requests, especially those of high rollers.

Chasing Losses

Increasing wagers in order to recoup what has been lost.

Choppy Game

A game where neither the house or player is winning consistently such that no streaks or patterns have been noted.

Colour Up

The action of exchanging lower denomination chips to larger denomination chips.

Crew

Another name for the members of staff at a land-based casino.

Crossroader

An individual who professionally cheats in land-based casinos as a means of making a living

D

d’Alembert Betting System

A betting system where a player increases the amount wagered by one unit after a loss and decreases it by one unit after a win.

Dozen Bet

A wager that is placed on one of three available sequences of twelve numbers – either 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36 – and pays 2:1.

Douzaine

A French roulette term used to refer to a Dozen bet.

Derniere

A French roulette term used to refer to the final group of twelve numbers in the Dozen bet.

Double Zero

The pocket on American roulette wheels that is marked with a 00. This creates a higher house edge.

Double Zero wheel

A wheel that features a 0 and 00, and is more commonly referred to as an American roulette wheel.

Double Up Betting System

A betting strategy where a player’s wager is doubled after a loss to recoup the loss of the earlier bet. More commonly known as the Martingale system.

Dead Table

An open table with no players.

Dolly

The marker placed over the winning roulette number that is removed once winning bets have been paid out and a new round begins.

Drop Box

The area where the players’ money is placed when buying chips at the table.

E

En Plein

A French roulette term used to refer to a Straight Up bet.

En Prison

A French roulette term that translates to in prison and refers to a rule which is applied to even-money bets. When a zero is hit, the player may either take back half their wager or leave it imprisoned for another spin. If the subsequent outcome is also zero, the other half of the original wager is also lost.

European Roulette

A roulette variant that features 36 numbers, a single zero and a relatively low house edge.

Edge

Having an advantage over a game.

Even Bet

A wager on all the even numbers that pays 1:1.

Even Money Bet

Any wager such as betting colour, even, odd, etc. that pay 1:1.

F

Five Number Bet

A wager in American roulette where the player bets that 0, 00, 1, 2, or 3 will hit.

Fibonacci Betting System

A progressive roulette betting strategy where each wager is a combination of the previous numbers that have been hit by the wheel.

Flat Bettor

A player who bets the same size/unit each round and never deviates from this.

Floorman

In land-based casinos, the individual who supervises all of the operating tables.

French Roulette

A variant of European roulette that offers the La Partage and En prison rules. The sector names are in French while the table layout differs slightly from that of European roulette.

French Roulette Wheel

Identical to the European wheel and contains a single zero.

French Bets

Wagers that cover specific physical sections of the roulette wheel. A single French bet is actually several bets at once such that all of the numbers in each wheel section are covered.

G

Gaffed Wheel

A wheel that has been rigged by either the casino or a player.

George

A player who is a big tipper.

Golden Numbers

Numbers that have hit out of proportion to their probability. These are sometimes referred to as hot or biased-numbers.

Greens

Chips valued at €25.

Grifter

A player who is a scammer or cheater.

Grind System

A betting strategy where players increase their wager by one unit after each win.

Grind Joint

A casino that targets risk averse gamblers with low betting limits.

Grand Martingale

A variant of the Martingale betting system where a player doubles their bets and adds one extra unit after a loss.

Green Pockets

The zero and double zero areas of the roulette wheel.

H

High Bet

A bet on the higher numbers on the layout, that is, 19 – 36.

Heat

The attention a player attracts from the casino’s management if they’re seen to be winning too frequently.

High Roller

An individual who wagers large sums of money. Also referred to as a whale.

Hot Table

Any table where players are on a winning streak and the house is losing.

Hot

To be on a winning streak.

Hot numbers

Numbers that hit more often than they should based on their probability. These are sometimes referred to as golden numbers.

House Edge

The mathematical edge or advantage that a casino has over a player expressed as the percentage of each bet that the casino expects to keep on average, over the long term. The house edge on a single zero wheel is 2.70%, while it increases to 5.26% on a double zero wheel.

High Or Low

An even money bet on either all the low numbers (1-18) or all the high numbers (19-36) on the roulette layout.

Hold

The amount of money retained by the house. Also referred to as the hold percentage.

I

Impair

A French roulette term used to refer to an odd bet.

Inside Bet

A wager placed on the numbered, inside portion of the roulette layout. They cover either individual numbers or small groups of numbers and pay relatively high odds. Inside bets include: straight up, split, street, trio, corner, double street, and basket wagers.

J

John

A player who is a good tipper.

L

Line Bet

A wager that one of the six numbers of the two lines of three numbers on the betting layout will win. This bet pays 5:1.

La Partage

A French roulette rule akin to the En prison one. In this scenario, the player loses half their wager without the option of leaving the bet imprisoned for another spin. This rule is used for outside, even-money wagers including red/black, high/low, odd/even and may also apply when the outcome is zero.

Low Bet

A bet on the lower numbers on the layout, that is, 1 – 18.

Layout

The area painted on the felt where players place their bets.

Low Roller

An individual who wagers small sums of money.

Labouchère Betting System

A cancellation betting strategy where numbers are cancelled out from a predefined list after a win and added to the list after a loss. This list of numbers establishes the next amount to bet.

Layout Strategies

Betting strategies that seek to overcome the house edge by placing different types of wagers without seeking to determine any biases in the game.

m

Marker

The tool used by the croupier to indicate the winning roulette number. Players are unable to place new bets until the marker has been removed from the table. Also referred to as a dolly.

Mini Roulette

A version of the little wheel that features only thirteen numbers, from 0-12, that available at some online casinos. Payouts are adjusted accordingly and half of the player’s losses are returned when a spin’s outcome is zero, which makes the house edge similar to that of traditional roulette games.

Martingale System

A double-up betting strategy where a player doubles their bet after each loss such that future wins should cover earlier lost wagers as well as pay off the original bet.

Mark

A player who will be defrauded by a con artist.

Match Play

A casino promotion where players are given bonus chips and, should their wagers win, they’ll receive real chips in return.

Money At Risk

The amount of money being bet at a given time.

Money Plays

A call to inform the croupier and the pit boss that a player is betting with real money, and not chips.

Manque

A French roulette term used to refer to a low bet.

N

Negative Progression

A betting system, such as the Martingale, Fibonacci and Super Martingale strategies, where players increase their bet after a loss.

Neighbours

Numbers on the roulette wheel that sit adjacent to one another, typically the two numbers either side of the chosen number.

No Action

A call made by the croupier during a spin to alert players that all bets being cancelled and that the casino will repeat the action from the beginning. Wagers may be removed from the table once no action has been called.

Noir

A French roulette term used to refer to a black bet.

Non-Value Chip

A chip whose value is assigned by the buy-in of the player, not by the game itself, such that it has no intrinsic value until it is given one.

O

Orphans

A French roulette phrase used to refer to a wager on three particular numbers – 6, 34 and 17 – that are neighbours on the roulette wheel yet far apart on the betting layout.

Orphelins

A French roulette term used to refer to an orphans bet.

Outside Bet

A wager placed on the non-numbered, outside area of the roulette layout. They cover large sections of the wheel and pay at lower odds. Outside bets include: dozens, columns and even-money bets such as red/black, odd/even, etc.

Odd Bet

A wager on all the odd numbers that pays 1:1.

Odds

The statistical probability of a specific outcome.

P

Pockets

The black, red and green numbered spaces on the roulette wheel in which the ball may land.

Paddle

A casino tool used to push money into the drop box.

Parlay

The act of doubling a wager after a win.

Past posting

The act of placing a wager after the winning number has hit. This is considered cheating.

Pinching

The act of removing chips from the stack after losing a bet. Doing so is considered cheating.

Pit

The area of table games in a land-based casino.

Positive Progression

A roulette betting system where a player increases their bet after a win.

Press

The act of increasing bet amounts after a single win or a winning streak.

Pair

A French roulette term used to refer to an even bet.

Passe

A French roulette term used to refer to a high bet.

Premiere

A French roulette term used to refer to the first group of 12 numbers in the dozen bet.

Q

Quarter Bet

A wager that one of four numbers will hit on the next spin. This is more commonly referred to as a corner or square bet.

Quarters

Green chips valued at €25.

R

Red Bet

An outside, even-money bet on the colour red that pays 1:1.

Roulette System

An approach to placing bets on the roulette layout. Betting strategies may be a useful way to plan your play however, they do not lower the house edge.

Run (Roulette)

A sequence of events such as three reds or two of the same dozens successively.

Rating

The act of labelling the player and the amounts they wager for comps.

Reverse-Labouchère Betting System

The Labouchère strategy played in reverse such that players double-up after each win rather than after each loss.

Rouge

A French roulette term used to refer to a red bet.

S

Six Line

An inside bet that covers two adjacent rows of numbers on the roulette layout, covering six numbers in total. This pays out at 5:1.

Split

An inside bet that covers two adjacent numbers on the roulette layout. Chips are placed on the intersection of two numbers and this wager pays out at odds of 17:1.

Straight Up

An inside bet made on a single number on the table layout that pays at odds of 35:1.

Street

A inside bet placed on a row of three numbers on the table layout made by placing chips on the edge of that row. This wager pays out at odds of 11:1.

Square Bet

An inside bet made that one of four numbers will land on the next spin that pays 8:1. More commonly known as a corner or square bet.

Sector bet

A wager placed on a group of numbers within a specific sector of the wheel. More commonly referred neighbours bet.

Section Shooter

A croupier who attempts to hit a section of the wheel on each spin.

Section Slicing

The act of splitting the wheel into sections based on hot and cold numbers in the hopes of discovering any biases.

Session

Either the duration of time a table is open for or the period of time a player chooses to spend at the table.

Single Zero Wheel

A roulette wheel with only one zero. This is more commonly referred to as a European wheel.

Stack

Twenty roulette chips placed on top of each other.

Sixainne

A French roulette term used to refer to a six line bet.

Surrender

Similar the En prison rule, this is when the casino only takes half a player’s losing bet when the wheel lands on the 0 or 00.

T

Transversale

A French roulette term used to refer to a street bet.

Trio Bet

A combination wager placed on whether one of three possible numbers will hit. This is similar to a street bet however the digits wagered on include the zero.

Toke

A tip given to the croupier at the roulette table. Also referred to as zuks.

Tom

A player who is a stingy tipper.

True Odds

The correct probability of a specific outcome.

Tiers Du Cylindre

A French roulette term that translates to third of the wheel. It refers to a bet on a specific group of numbers on a section of the roulette wheel that are paired neighbours on the layout.

Tournaments

Promotional competitions run by casinos where players compete against one another for a prize. These campaigns typically include a form of leaderboard to keep track of players’ progress.

V

Voisins Du Zero

A French roulette term used to refer to a wager on a specific group of numbers on the section of the roulette wheel that neighbours the 0 pocket. In fact, the word voisins translates to neighbours.

Visual Wheel Tracking

The act of assessing the characteristics and spin velocity of a roulette wheel to gain an edge, and predict where the ball will land. This is done either by sight or with the aid of an electronic device.

Vigorish

Also referred to as vig, juice or under-juice, is the amount charged by a bookmaker for taking a bet from a player.

W

Wager

Another term for bet.

Wheel Checks

Unmarked chips used specifically on roulette tables, sometimes referred to as wheel chips.

Wheel

Slang for the term roulette wheel.

Wheel-Clocking

The act of watching the roulette wheel closely to see if a bias or any patterns exist. This may be done by keeping track of the results of each spin to find out if any bias exists. Alternatively, the speed of the wheel may be clocked visually or electronically in hope of predicting where the ball will land.

Wheel Roller

A roulette term for croupier.

Wheel Head

The area of the roulette wheel with the numbered slots.

Wheel Strategies

Betting systems that exploit the flaws of a roulette wheel to gain an advantage.

Z

Zero

The 0 pocket on the roulette wheel. All wheels contain a single 0 space while American ones feature an additional 00 pocket.

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